joint_limits_interface Documentation


Interface for enforcing joint limits.

joint_limits_interface contains data structures for representing joint limits, methods for populating them from common formats such as URDF and rosparam, and methods for enforcing limits on different kinds of joint commands.

The joint_limits_interface is not used by controllers themselves (it does not implement a HardwareInterface) but instead operates after the controllers have updated, in the write() method (or equivalent) of the robot abstraction. Enforcing limits will overwrite the commands set by the controllers, it does not operate on a separate raw data buffer.

Code API

There are two main elements involved in setting up a joint_limits_interface:

Joint limits representation

  • JointLimits Position, velocity, acceleration, jerk and effort.
  • SoftJointLimits Soft position limits, k_p, k_v (as described here ).
  • Convenience methods for loading joint limits information (only position, velocity, effort), as well as soft joint limits information from the URDF.
  • Convenience methods for loading joint limits from ROS parameter server (all values). Parameter specification is the same used in MoveIt, with the addition that we also parse jerk and effort limits.

Joint limits interface

For effort-controlled joints, position-controlled joints, and velocity-controlled joints, two types of interfaces have been created. The first is a saturation interface, used for joints that have normal limits but not soft limits. The second is an interface that implements soft limits, similar to the one used on the PR2.


Joint limits representation

The first example shows the different ways of populating joint limits data structures.

#include <ros/ros.h>
int main(int argc, char** argv)
// Init node handle and URDF model
std::shared_ptr<urdf::ModelInterface> urdf;
// ...initialize contents of urdf
// Data structures
// Manual value setting
limits.has_velocity_limits = true;
limits.max_velocity = 2.0;
// Populate (soft) joint limits from URDF
// Limits specified in URDF overwrite existing values in 'limits' and 'soft_limits'
// Limits not specified in URDF preserve their existing values
urdf::JointConstSharedPtr urdf_joint = urdf->getJoint("foo_joint");
const bool urdf_limits_ok = getJointLimits(urdf_joint, limits);
const bool urdf_soft_limits_ok = getSoftJointLimits(urdf_joint, soft_limits);
// Populate (soft) joint limits from the ros parameter server
// Limits specified in the parameter server overwrite existing values in 'limits' and 'soft_limits'
// Limits not specified in the parameter server preserve their existing values
const bool rosparam_limits_ok = getJointLimits("foo_joint", nh, limits);

A joint limits specification in YAML format that can be loaded to the ROS parameter server can be found here.

Joint limits interface

The second example integrates joint limits enforcing into an existing robot hardware implementation.

using namespace hardware_interface;
class MyRobot
MyRobot() {}
bool init()
// Populate pos_cmd_interface_ with joint handles...
// Get joint handle of interest
JointHandle joint_handle = pos_cmd_interface_.getHandle("foo_joint");
JointLimits limits;
SoftJointLimits soft_limits;
// Populate with any of the methods presented in the previous example...
// Register handle in joint limits interface
PositionJointSoftLimitsHandle handle(joint_handle, // We read the state and read/write the command
limits, // Limits spec
soft_limits) // Soft limits spec
void read(ros::Time time, ros::Duration period)
// Read actuator state from hardware...
// Propagate current actuator state to joints...
void write(ros::Time time, ros::Duration period)
// Enforce joint limits for all registered handles
// Note: one can also enforce limits on a per-handle basis: handle.enforceLimits(period)
// Propagate joint commands to actuators...
// Send actuator command to hardware...
PositionJointInterface pos_cmd_interface_;
PositionJointSoftLimitsInterface jnt_limits_interface_;
double max_velocity
Definition: joint_limits.h:40
Definition: joint_limits.h:36
bool getJointLimits(const std::string &joint_name, const ros::NodeHandle &nh, JointLimits &limits)
Populate a JointLimits instance from the ROS parameter server.
Definition: joint_limits_rosparam.h:75
A handle used to enforce position and velocity limits of a position-controlled joint.
Definition: joint_limits_interface.h:160
int main(int argc, char **argv)
bool has_velocity_limits
Definition: joint_limits.h:46
Definition: joint_limits_interface.h:582
void init(const M_string &remappings)
Definition: joint_limits.h:53
bool getSoftJointLimits(const std::string &joint_name, const ros::NodeHandle &nh, SoftJointLimits &soft_limits)
Populate a SoftJointLimits instance from the ROS parameter server.
Definition: joint_limits_rosparam.h:194

Author(s): Adolfo Rodriguez Tsouroukdissian
autogenerated on Thu Feb 9 2023 03:09:37